Forest and Wood

Our forests fulfil many different functions and are supposed to meet many different demands: they are the habitat for a great diversity of flora and fauna, they provide us with wood, a most important natural resource, they generate income for the forest owners, and for society in general their main function is providing relaxation and recreation.

The forest as a habitat

In the German federal state "Baden-Württemberg", the state law definition of "forest" is “an area stocked with trees and shrubs”. A forest, however, is much more than the sum of all its trees, bushes and shrubs.

Functions of forests

A forest or wood is more than just the number of trees in it. Besides being suppliers of timbers, our forests also have important protective and recreational roles to play.

Depending on their location, forests perform different protective functions that should not be underestimated in the benefits they provide for people as well as flora and fauna: the protection of soil, water and the climate, protection from avalanches and landslides, as well as from emissions, and finally as a haven for all animal and plant species adapted to a forest existence.

For the public, the main focus lies on the forest’s recreational role as an area for relaxation. To find out more, click here.

The economic factor


Recreation forest
- Adventure for children